Railways to set up four biodiesel plants

In one of the biggest initiatives for bio-fuel production in the country, Indian Railways is poised to set up four bio-diesel plants costing about Rs 120 crore.

While two bio-diesel esterification plants are going to be commissioned at Raipur and Chennai during the next two years, the other two units will be set up subsequently, a senior railway ministry official said.

Each plant, estimated to cost around Rs 30 crore, will produce 30 tons bio-diesel per day, which means more than 9,000 tons a year, the official said.

Produced from waste oil, fatty acid and non-edible vegetable oil, bio-diesel will be blended with the HSD oil for running locomotives.

The use of bio-diesel will reduce the consumption of petro-diesel to some extent at present, the official said, adding the eco-friendly measure will also earn the Railways carbon credit worth Rs 2 crore per plant per year.

The Railways, a major consumer of diesel, currently consumes 2.2 billion litre diesel in a year.

The Railways is keeping a close track on global developments taking place in the field of use of alternate fuels, gas turbine engines, fuel cell technology for adoption of gas turbine locomotive on fossil fuels.

Trials are in progress for running locomotives on dual fuel mode using CNG, the official said.

Indian Railway Organisation for Alternative Fuels has been formed to take up projects for introduction of alternative fuels like CNG and bio-diesel.


Railways makes the right ‘carbon’ moves

MUMBAI: Railways is the latest entrant to take steps to cut down energy consumption and earn carbon credits. Recently, the ministry of railways has
awarded a contract through competitive bidding for supply of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) free of cost to railway employees residing in railway colonies.

The cost of CFLs will be recovered through carbon credits to be earned from the project. The department also stands to earn 3% carbon credits that accrue from the project.

Under the project each railway household will get up to a maximum of 4 CFLs in exchange for 4 incandescent lamps (ICL). A 60 watt ICL will be replaced by 14 watt CFL and 100 watt ICL by 20 watt CFL.

Besides, the department has started trials with bio-diesel for diesel locomotives and CNG mixed with high speed diesel in Diesel Multiple Units (DMUs). It is also trying to adopt state-of-art high efficiency insulated gate bipolar electrical multiple units (EMUs) to recover energy during braking. Besides reducing carbon emission it also cut down electricity consumption.

According to railways, a pilot wind mill project of 10.5 MW capacity has been successfully executed in Tamil Nadu for supply of wind generated electricity to Integral Coach Factory (ICF) at Chennai.


Published in: on May 24, 2010 at 6:11 am  Leave a Comment  
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